The Modern Pentathlon events of the Second Summer Youth Olympic Games will be held in the Nanjing International Expo Centre and the Nanjing Olympic Sports Centre from 22 to 26 August, 2014.
Three events including a men’s event, a women’s event and a mixed team relay event.
Athletes and teams that win the first three places in each event will be awarded gold, silver and bronze medals respectively.
3 gold medals are designated for the modern pentathlon of the Second Summer Youth Olympic Games. They will be presented on 23 (1), 24 (1) and 26 (1) August.
48 athletes including 24 males and 24 females.
Youth Olympic Competition Format
The programme of Modern Pentathlon at the Youth Olympic Games will comprise three events:
• Men's Individual
• Women's Individual
• Mixed International Team Relay
Each event consists of the following Modern Pentathlon disciplines: fencing ranking round, swimming, fencing final round and combined running/shooting. Pentathletes/teams achieve points in each discipline according to their performance.
The last discipline is the combined running/shooting with a handicap start based on the pentathletes'/teams' total points from the first two disciplines. Pentathletes/teams set off at intervals which correspond in seconds to the Pentathlon point's difference between themselves and the pentathlete/team in front. The pentathlete/team who crosses the finish line first wins the gold medal.
Differences between the UIPM Junior World Championships and the Youth Olympic Games
The Fencing event has been divided into two rounds, a fencing ranking round and a fencing final round. At the Youth Olympic Games relay teams are mixed gender and mixed NOC.
Changes since the Singapore 2010 Youth Olympic Games
The Fencing event has been divided into two rounds, a fencing ranking round and a fencing final round. New UIPM rules regarding ranking and scoring have been applied.
Start-up and popularisation: 1980 – 1998 was the start-up and popularisation phase for the sport in China. China first came into contact with modern pentathlon in 1980. The then State Sports Commission of China approved the formal launch of the sport in May 1982, and a national training team was formed. 7 male athletes were chosen from the swimming teams of Shanghai, Tianjin, Hubei, Henan and Inner Mongolia to participate in the training. 18 female athletes were chosen from some provincial and municipal swimming teams to join the training in September 1982. 12 horses were purchased for equestrian training in 1983. To ensure quick understanding of the training knowledge and competition rules of modern pentathlon, a Hungarian coach was invited to give lectures in China, while the national team coach translated textbooks of over 400,000 words and competition rules of over 200,000 words. Thanks to these efforts, a sound foundation was thus laid for the development of modern pentathlon in China. The sport gained momentum and a dozen provinces across China began developing this newly introduced sport. Chinese athletes won 4th place in the women’s individuals and 5th place in the women’s team at the World Modern Pentathlon Championships in 1986, and captured 2nd place in women’s team at the UIPM Junior World Championships 1989.
Instability and stagnation period: From 1990 to 1997, the sport underwent a phase of instability and stagnation, during which the then State Sports Commission of China began to implement the Olympic strategy. As women’s events of modern pentathlon were not included in the Olympic Games at the time, the women’s events were therefore cancelled at the 7th and 8th National Games of the People’s Republic of China. The provinces and municipals that were developing modern pentathlon began to place less focus on the men’s events due to factors such as relatively high cost of the sport. The number of provinces, municipals and athletes involved in the development of modern pentathlon in China dropped drastically due to many reasons, and shrank to merely 3 provinces and municipals and 20 athletes by 1994.
Revival and progress: 1998 to present is the phase of revival and progress. Due to organisational change in the then State Sports Commission of China, administration of modern pentathlon was delegated to Cycling and Fencing Sports Administration Center in November 1997, which developed a new development plan for the sport. Following the inclusion of women’s events of modern pentathlon to the Olympic Games in 1998, the General Administration of Sports of China reinstated the women’s events at the 9th National Games of the People’s Republic of China. The number of provinces, municipals and athletes involved in the development of modern pentathlon also began to pick up gradually. Currently, 21 provinces and municipals in China are involved in the development of modern pentathlon. Chinese athletes won 5 gold medals at the Modern Pentathlon AMPC Asian Championships 2000 and represented Asia at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games the same year, where the men’s team finished 24th and the women 20th. The men’s team finished 16th and women 24th at the 2004 Olympics.
Qian Zhenhua became the world champion at the 2005 World Modern Pentathlon Championships in Poland with a total score of 5,756 on 7 August 2005. Qian finished 4th in the men’s events, while Chen Qian finished 5th in the women’s events at the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. Chen became world champion at the 2009 World Modern Pentathlon Championships in the United Kingdom with a total score of 5,840 on 17 August 2009. China won 3 gold medals, 2 silver medals and all champions of 2 Olympics events in the four events of modern pentathlon at the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, successfully winning the country's first ever gold medals for Modern Pentathlon. Cao Zhongrong won the individuals’ silver medal at the London 2012 Olympic Games, thus breaking the monopoly that Europe has over modern pentathlon and winning the first ever modern pentathlon medal for China at the Olympic Games. These outstanding achievements represent major breakthroughs in the Chinese history of modern pentathlon, and signify a new phase in which China will catch up and overtake world standard in the development of the sport.
Copyright© The 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games, Nanjing 2014
Official Website of Nanjing 2014 - Operated by Tencent
Powered by China Telecom