The 2nd Summer Youth Olympic Games 16-28 August 2014 Nanjing, China

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Wrestling

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1. Venue &Dates

The Nanjing 2014 wrestling competitions will take place at Longjiang Gymnasium in Nanjing between 25 and 28 August 2014.

2. Events

Ten classes for men and 4 classes for women.

3. Medals

The top three athletes from each event will be awarded the gold, silver and bronze medals respectively.

Fourteen gold medals are designated for the Nanjing 2014 wrestling events. 25 (5), 26 (4) and 27 (5) August are the dates for the gold medals.

4. Number of Athletes

112 athletes in total, including 80 males and 32 females.

5. Competition Format

There are three styles in Olympic Wrestling competition: Greco-Roman, Men's Freestyle and Women's Freestyle.

There are 10 men's events and four women's events in the Youth Olympic Wrestling programme as follows:

The Greco-Roman and the Freestyle basically differ as follows:

• In Greco-Roman Wrestling, it is strictly forbidden to grasp the opponent below the belt line, to trip him or to use the legs actively to perform any action.
• In Freestyle Wrestling, however, it is permissible to grasp the legs of the opponent to trip him and to use the legs actively to perform any action.
• Double nelsons are strictly forbidden in Women's Freestyle.

There are six to ten wrestlers qualified in each of the 14 weight categories.

The competition starts with a pool phase with two groups. Wrestlers who draw an even number are placed in group B and wrestlers who draw an odd number are placed in group A. A round-robin format is used within each group (the Nordic tournament system is used as the ranking criterion within each group). Ranking within the groups is used to determine the pairings for the final phase. Winners of each group will compete for the gold and silver medals; second placed wrestlers will compete for the bronze medal and fourth place; the third placed wrestlers will compete for fifth and sixth place; the fourth placed wrestlers in each group will compete for seventh and eighth place; the fifth placed wrestlers in each group will compete for ninth and tenth place. In case of a single fifth wrestler in a group, he will be ranked last of his category.

Each weight category is completed within a single day with the weigh-in taking place on the day before.

The competition comprises two phases:

• Qualification Pools (groups A&B)
• Finals

Each bout has two periods of two minutes with a thirty second break. The winner is the wrestler who scored most at the end of the bout. Evident superiority of eight points in Greco-Roman and ten points in Freestyle automatically leads to victory. For all the competitions, the timing will run from zero to four minutes on the mat scoreboards.

A fall automatically stops the bout in any period.

In the exceptional case - if after two minutes in the first period, no wrestler has scored in Men's Freestyle and Women's Freestyle, the referee must obligatorily designate the passive wrestler.

In the case where a bout ends by 0-0 in the Men's Greco-Roman, the victory goes to the last most active wrestler.

Differences between the FILA Junior World Championships and the Youth Olympic Games

The FILA Junior World Championships contains more competitors due to higher quotas allocated to each NOC and has different and additional weight categories. In addition, the competition format is different. A Nordic System (round-robin) format which decides the pairing for the final bouts is used at the Youth Olympic Games, but in the FILA Junior World Championships a direct elimination format is used.

Changes since the Singapore 2010 Youth Olympic Games

The scoring system has been changed to be cumulative over the bout instead of per addition of period wins/lose.

6. Wrestling in China

Men's freestyle wrestling began nearly a century earlier than that of women, and is far more fierce and competitive. In addition to techniques and tactics, wrestling is a competition in experience, aptitude and stamina.

Women's freestyle wrestling first began in China before being launched in Japan in the early 90s. Drawing on the training experience of men's freestyle wrestling and the resilience of Chinese women, female Chinese freestyle wrestlers quickly rose to prominence in the world championships and capture many gold medals. However, after the Atlanta Olympic Games, many women's wrestling teams in China were disbanded after failing to make it to the Sydney Olympic Games.Only a university team remained and many outstanding wrestlers retired early. Women's freestyle wrestling in China began to wane and was quickly overtaken by Japan. Women's freestyle wrestling was for the first time, included on the sports programme at the Athens 2004 Olympics Games. Chinese wrestler Wang Xu won one of the four gold medals for the sport in women's 72kg.

Greco-Roman style wrestling in China benefitted from successive generations of talent, such as Sheng Zetian, Hu Hongguo and Li Daxin, the new wrestlers of the early 90s. Generational skills transfers by these wrestlers accelerated the advancement of Greco-Roman style wrestling in China.As a result, Sheng won the first wrestling medal for China at the Barcelona 1992 Olympic Games, followed by two consecutive bronze medals in Atlanta and Sydney, attaining his personal and national bests in Greco-Roman style wrestling.

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